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Types of Coffee Beans That You Should Try

Dave Carter

January 8, 2021

Who doesn't love the aroma and flavor of coffee early in the morning? It's been part of the daily routine of most people. Their mornings are not complete without the taste of the coffee. They felt that it helps them boost their energy needed throughout the day. It's their choice if they want to drink it before or after breakfast. Some crave a sip of it whenever they want to stay up late. Even though it has become so popular now, many people still ask where the coffee comes and the main types of coffee beans used for it.

Coffee is a well-known plant, and the beans are taken from the vibrant red coffee of cherry plants. The parts of cherry coffee have various effects on the processing methods until the final coffee is produced. If you wanted to learn more about coffee and where it exactly came from, here is the discussion of the basic parts of the coffee plant and why it is loved by many people these days.

Types of Coffee Beans That You Should Try

Different Types of Coffee Beans

The coffee beans used in the roasting, grinding, and brewing processes are the seeds that came from the fruit of coffee cherry. The coffee plant grows a coffee cherry, and the seeds from the fruit are the ones turned into bean coffee.

It can grow to 30 ft or 9 m. But some coffee growers cut the plants to avoid it from getting taller; hence conserving the energy will be very beneficial while in the harvesting season. The shorter the trees, the more it can save space and make a better quality kind of yield.

The coffee plant has waxy and green leaves. The leaves can grow in pairs, and the fruit droop along its many branches. The coffee plant has several varieties, but it produces fruit after 3 to 4 years.

Since coffee has different variations, the beans have different characters as well. The differences can affect the aroma and taste of each coffee. Many factors are influencing it, like size, flavor, and disease resistance. Below are the four primary types of beans from the coffee cherry fruit in the market today.

How many types of coffee beans in the world?​

Have you experienced purchasing a bag of specialty coffee beans? Some of its labels say 100 percent Arabica. But do you know what it means? Or you're one of those people who think that it's the only coffee variant available today. That's why you just grab it without thinking about its background?

To some, as long as it tastes like brew, it doesn't matter anymore. People will still buy it. Still, you must be aware that different coffee species exist today. The popular variants are Arabica beans and Robusta beans coffee, while the less known are Liberica and Excelsa. Both the Arabica and Robusta are the origin of all coffee types available today.

What are the different types of coffee beans?​

Have you experienced purchasing a bag of specialty coffee beans? Some of its labels say 100 percent Arabica. But do you know what it means? Or you're one of those people who think that it's the only coffee variant available today. That's why you just grab it without thinking about its background?

To some, as long as it tastes like brew, it doesn't matter anymore. People will still buy it. Still, you must be aware that different coffee species exist today. The popular variants are Arabica beans and Robusta beans coffee, while the less known are Liberica and Excelsa. Both the Arabica and Robusta are the origin of all coffee types available today.

What are the 4 types of coffee beans?​

Arabica​

Arabica coffee type holds 60 percent of the overall production in the whole world. It's considered the most commonly produced beans and has been popular in the market. The Arabica beans are planted at areas with high altitudes because it requires more rainfall and a fair amount of sunlight. It is simple to grow because they are easy to trim and quite small. It has been known that Arabica beans are cultivated in different places of the world.

The Arabica Coffee is rich in flavor. If you brew Arabica in your home, you have to make sure that you choose the kind which has a full body and low acidity. The good thing about it is that it is less caffeinated with milder flavor compared to the other beans.

Coffee Arabica

Robusta​

The Robusta coffee beans have a high tolerance to its environment and diseases. It can survive in various altitudes but best grown in places where there is a limited rainfall and climate must be hot. Arabica beans have a double amount of caffeine. Caffeine is the main component of Robusta plants that makes it strong and potent. Caffeine content provides this Robusta plant the immunity against serious diseases.

When compared to the Arabica beans, Robusta has a less amount of oil that gives it a more bitter taste and acidity. This is the reason why it's considered as espresso beans among coffee enthusiasts.

You will know that it's higher quality and premium Robusta beans if the flavor remains even if you add sugar or milk. Robusta is the best option for caffeine lovers or enthusiasts who like their brew with added sugar and cream.

Liberica​

It is not a common type of coffee in the industry. But this variant still has an important role in the brewing culture spread around the world.

The beans of Liberica have a prominent look that you will not even notice to the other brew bean species. It has a pretty big size feature and is asymmetric. It's the only bean species that have irregular shapes.

The almond-shaped bean of Liberica has an amazing aroma. It is a mixture of floral smell and fruity at the same time. It gives out a smokey flavor and taste. This makes it different from other species available today.

Coffee Liberica

Most brew drinkers buy these coffee beans to use and combine it with other kinds of beans also. Through this technique, it can give a more powerful boost to every cup of coffee. Those who have experience in drinking Liberica coffee say that the taste and flavor are incomparable. It does not taste like the other regular coffees out there. It's packed with a woody taste, which makes it more unique to drink. It's a perfect bean for those who like to try a new caffeine experience.

Excelsa​

Excelsa is a new member of the Liberica coffee species, and it has been reclassified. If you have a closer look at the beans, you will notice how similar it is to Liberica.

This type of bean is considered a family species of Liberica. They are mostly grown in Southeast Asia. It is not that popular because of the 7 percent production it provides in the world. But it is usually blended to different brew variants, which boost the flavor and aroma of the caffeine. It is said to have a fruity and acidic body.

Coffee Excelsa

Drinks for Different Kinds of Coffee Beans

From regular brewed coffee to a fancy specialty espresso drink—you can make many different brews with a few small beans. Whether you're a casual drinker or a coffee connoisseur, there are numerous coffee drinks you can create using various kinds of coffee beans and roasts.

Here are some of the most popular types of beverages you can make, whether you're using robusta, arabica, or any other kind of beans.

Black Coffee

Black coffee is the simplest caffeinated drink you can get and is one of the most popular 'pick me up' beverages that people love. You can whip up regular black coffee at home using any coffee bean. It's the perfect balance of acidity and bitterness, giving you a delicious way to perk up your mornings.

Espresso

If you're looking for more caffeine and an overall 'stronger' taste, go for espressos. An espresso shot can come from any coffee beans but needs to be 'finely' ground for the best results. This coffee drink is the foundation of the most popular caffeinated beverages today. You can get in a single shot, doppio (double shot), and lungo (long-pull) espresso, depending on how robust you want your coffee to be.

Latte

One of the most popular 'cafe drinks' out there is the latte, consisting of espresso shots, steamed milk, and a subtle milk foam layer. You can order or make lattes plain or add in some flavors, ranging from classic vanilla to unique ones like pumpkin spice.

Cappuccino

If you're looking for a more potent brew, cappuccinos are a great choice, satiating your craving for more caffeine and sweetness as it often gets topped off with cocoa powder or cinnamon.

Americano

For coffee lovers who want to get more out of their favorite espresso shot, opt for an Americano. It's essentially an espresso shot diluted in hot water, giving you more to enjoy during hectic mornings.

Cortado

Cortado is the perfect balance of espresso and steamed milk, cutting back on the coffee's acidity levels, giving you a smooth brew to perk up your mornings.

Café au Lait

For the coffee minimalist looking for a subtle flavor boost and want to keep the brew's energizing properties, the café au lait is a fantastic choice. All you need to do is add a splash of milk to your brewed coffee, and you're ready to go.

Red Eye

A unique brew you can make using any coffee bean is the red-eye, helping you get through tiresome mornings. Red-eye consists of a full cup of hot brewed coffee and an espresso shot, giving you an efficient way of perking up your mornings.

Macchiato

Macchiatos are a fun beverage you can make using espresso and is a trendy coffee drink that many young coffee connoisseurs love. It's a perfect mix of a cappuccino and a doppio.

Affogato

For coffee lovers who'd like to cool off while enjoying the energizing benefits of caffeinated brews, an affogato is a perfect option. It gives you an excuse to enjoy your favorite ice cream at any time of the day, typically served with an espresso shot and vanilla ice cream.

What is the best type of coffee beans?​

What is the best type of coffee beans

If you are an expert with coffee, you will know the similarities and differences of every coffee beans variation, including the flavors. There is a continuous stream of discussion pertaining to the best coffee beans. To do this, you can try other beans, and premium coffees and identify each of their taste profiles and characteristics. But if you're a beginner, you might still be asking, 'what is a cappuccino?' But it's just temporary, as long as you continue drinking or studying the coffee bean and all other kinds under this beverage.

Roasting is the most technical part of the bean processing method. There is a science behind how to roast coffee beans, and this is under constant improvement.

As you build your sense of taste with coffee, you must improve your vocabulary also since there are many to learn in the coffee industry. Knowing what ingredients in your drink is also part of the experience. You will not only enjoy your favorite cup of brew, but you are also learning as the process goes.

Do not forget to take down notes too. If you only know the difference between each kind, you will discover the right flavor profile perfect for your morning routine. From there, you can customize your coffee experience too.

For people who buy beans for their coffee, the best manual coffee grinder is also under consideration. There are different types of grinders, as well as different levels of coffee grinds. Different coffee drinks have their own optimum grind. Baristas usually have their own favorite best commercial coffee grinder.

Near the end of the coffee brewing process, there is also the choice of the best stainless steel coffee maker. Stainless steel and glass are the preferred choices in carafes because these do not corrode nor impart any flavor to the coffee.

It's best to familiarize yourself with a wide range of roasting techniques and coffee flavors. Knowing all these will give you a chance to order your bag of coffee bean wherever it is available. You can now choose your ideal blend to start your morning routine.

Convenience of Coffee Pods​

Most coffee companies today define the source of their coffee beans either in the package or on the website. Aside from the origin, you are also going to discover what coffee preference you will like best with regards to taste and roasting method. Now that you know all these things, especially the four main types of coffee beans, you can perfectly choose now the right mix that suits well on your mornings.

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